Frequently Asked Questions
What are the tests in arthritis profile?
An arthritis profile, also known as an arthritis panel or rheumatoid arthritis panel, is a group of laboratory tests that help in the diagnosis and management of various types of arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune conditions. The specific tests included in an arthritis profile may vary depending on the healthcare provider and the individual patient's needs. However, here are some common tests that are often included:
Rheumatoid factor (RF): Rheumatoid factor is an antibody that is often present in the blood of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. Its presence may indicate an autoimmune response in the body.
Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies: These antibodies are highly specific to rheumatoid arthritis. The presence of anti-CCP antibodies can help confirm a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis and differentiate it from other types of arthritis.
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR): ESR is a test that measures the rate at which red blood cells settle in a tube over time. It is a marker of inflammation in the body and can be elevated in various types of arthritis.
C-reactive protein (CRP): CRP is another marker of inflammation. Elevated CRP levels can indicate the presence of inflammation in the body, which can be associated with arthritis.
Complete blood count (CBC): A CBC measures the levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in the blood. It helps evaluate overall health and can indicate the presence of anemia, which can be associated with certain types of arthritis.
Antinuclear antibody (ANA): ANA is an antibody that can be present in autoimmune conditions, including some forms of arthritis. A positive ANA test result may suggest the presence of an autoimmune disorder.
Joint fluid analysis: In some cases, a sample of fluid from an affected joint may be analyzed. Joint fluid analysis can help differentiate between different types of arthritis, such as inflammatory arthritis and non-inflammatory arthritis.